Butcher's Broom is an attractive, evergreen shrub, it has bright green, almost leafless stems; erect green branches from which oval leaflets grow, with bright yellow pea-like flowers, much favored by butterflies, blooms in April to June. The height ranges from 3-10 feet and can be trimmed back after flowering for a more compact shape. Unlike gorse, with which it is sometimes confused, broom rarely sports any prickles. The fruit is a brownish-black, shaggy pod contains 12-18 seeds. Requires full sun, prefers poor soil with perfect drainage.
Butcher's broom contains: glycolic acid, a diuretic that decreases cholesterol levels and prevents coagulation in the blood; steroidal saponins which lower the level of cholesterol and help prevent atherosclerosis; saponosides and prosapogenins rusiogenises, which are anti-inflammatory and vasoconstricting. Butcher's broom is a mild astringent with anti-inflammatory, deobstruent (removes obstructions in the system), diaphoretic, diuretic and vasoconstrictive properties.
Butcher's broom has silicon, chromium, iron, cobalt, manganese, zinc, and niacin. These, in combination with the glycolic acid in butcher's broom, have been found to help a variety of circulation problems, especially in the lower extremities. Butcher's broom also has anti-inflammatory actions. The saponins in butcher's broom help to tighten veins and reduce capillary permeability without raising blood pressure significantly. Butcher's broom helps to flush lymphatic fluid in the legs and feet. It also helps to reduce water retention and is a mild diuretic. The high iron content is useful for anemia. The magnesium helps to prevent leg cramps. Flavoniods in butcher's broom help to strengthen blood vessels and prevent varicose veins. It is also helpful in relieving the symptoms of hemorrhoids and brusing.
Butcher's Broom is helpful in the treatment of both hemorrhoids and other types of varicose veins as this herb strengthens and builds up the structure of the veins. Butcher's Broom may also improve poor circulation and can act as an anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of arthritis and rheumatism and in cases of inflammation in the kidney and bladder.