Oxytetracycline, an antibiotic, eliminates bacteria that cause infections, including lyme disease, pneumonia, acne, venereal (sexually transmitted) disease, and bladder infections. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.
Oxytetracycline belongs to a group of antibiotics called tetracyclines. It is an antibiotic which has the ability to inhibit the growth of a wide variety of bacteria. It interferes with the production of proteins that the bacteria need to multiply and divide. This inhibits the ability of the bacteria to grow (bacteriostatic) and therefore stops the spread of the infection. Oxytetracycline is a product of the metabolism of Streptomyces rimosus and is one of the family of tetracycline antibiotics. Oxytetracycline is primarily bacteriostatic and is thought to exert its antimicrobial effect by the inhibition of protein synthesis. It is active against a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms.
Oxytetracycline is bacteriostatic drug with a broad spectrum of activity. However, there is widespread resistance and it has little effect on Pseudomonas. The long-acting injectable formulation has caused sterile cysts at the injection site. When used for bath treatments it readily chelates calcium and magnesium ions found in hard water, significantly reducing its effectiveness. It is also light-sensitive when used as a bath treatment, turning brown as it decomposes. The degraded form can be toxic to both fish and humans. Some studies show that oxytetracycline is immunosuppressive in some fish species.
Oxytetracycline is a member of the tetracycline family used chiefly in treating infections caused by streptococci, staphylococci, Gram-negative bacilli, rickettsiae, and certain protozoans and viruses. Tetracyclines inhibit bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. Oxytetracycline acts as a inhibitor of a growth (bacteriostatic) rather than killer of the infectious agent (bacteriocidal) and is only effective against multiplying microorganisms.